FAQ - Choosing the right Pump
Kia ora, and welcome to the FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) section of the Manaia Water Products NZ Website. Our aim is to provide a comprehensive guide to make the process of selecting the right pump for your needs as straightforward and clear as possible. We have broken down the key considerations into sections, detailing the advantages and disadvantages of the different types of pumps, as well as their various uses. We also offer advice on how to ensure your pump is correctly installed and maintained, in order to ensure its optimal performance and long life.
What is a water Pump?
A water pump is a device used to move water from one location to another, usually through a pipe or hose. A water pump is usually powered by an electric motor, but can also be powered by gasoline, diesel, solar or other power sources. The type of pump you choose will depend on the specific needs of your installation, such as the water pressure required and the size of the pipe or hose that needs to be filled with water.
Types of water pumps:
There are many different types of water pumps, each with its own unique advantages and disadvantages. Centrifugal pumps are the most common, and they are used in many industrial and domestic settings. These pumps operate using centrifugal force to move liquids and other fluids. Submersible pumps are also popular, and they are designed to be placed underwater to pump out liquids, such as from wells, bores, and water tanks.
A centrifugal pump is of simple design that normally makes use of a single rotating impeller which is attached to a shaft that is driven by a motor. As a general rule, they deliver large amounts of water at relatively low pressures. Additionally, centrifugal pumps are typically compact and easy to install, making them an ideal choice for residential, commercial, and agricultural applications.
Jet pumps are a popular type of pump, mounted above ground. They are commonly used in applications where there is a need to draw water from a source that is below the level of the pump, typically through a suction pipe, in order to provide pressurised water at the point of use. Jet pumps operate by using a jet and venturi to create a vacuum that draws the water up the suction pipe into the impeller which then forces it out through to the discharge pipe.
You will need to be aware of a few things when making a pump selection. We will endeavor to explain them in some detail.
Type of pump
Type of controller
Calculating water usage?
Use the following figures to assist with calculating how much water each outlet supplies in domestic applications:
Shower: 10-15 l/min
Water-Saving Shower Head: 6-7 l/min
Household tap: 10-15 l/min
Dishwasher: 15 l/min
Washing Machine: 10-15 l/min
Garden Hose: 20 l/min
Lawn Sprinkler: 10-15 l/min
Alternatively, use the below guide for typical domestic water usage:
Small Cottage/Bach: 10 – 20 Litres per minute
Small House: 20 – 30 Litres per minute
Medium House: 30 – 50 litre per minute
Large House: 50 – 90 litres per minute.
What pressure do I need?
In most homes, the water pressure is between 40 - 70 psi
To work out the pressure required for an application, answer the following questions:
What is the height difference between the pump and the highest point of use?
What is the distance between the pumps location & the furtherest outlet?
Is there any pressure already available? Positive suction?
What size, type and length of pipe is being used from the pump to the final destination (pipe friction loss)?
What is the required pressure at the tap/shower, sprinkler? If known
What is the water source (bore, well, rainwater)?
What power supply is available (240V, 415V)?
If you need assistance with calculating these requirements, please contact us on 021 626 186 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Which type of pump should I choose?
Why choose a Jet Pump?
if you need to draw water up out of a tank, well or other water sources. Jet pumps are an ideal option. Jet Pumps are self-priming which means they are capable of drawing water from 7-9m below the level of the pump. Jet pumps are fitted with a jet and venturi and is the main reason as to why they have such high suction capability. Remember that pressure and flow are diminished when the suction height is excessive. Jet pumps tend to be a bit noisier than a multistage pump but are a necessity when suction lift is required.
if you’re dealing with an application where the water source is below the level of the pumps inlet connection then selecting a jet pump would be the best option
Why choose a Multistage Pump?
Multistage pumps are an option to consider and work well when there is a positive head of pressure available to the pump. Positive head pressure occurs when the water supply is above the level of the pump and is ideal for installing a multistage pump. These types of pumps utilize multiple impeller and diffuser assemblies (stages) that increase the pressure & flow from the pump.
Electronic Pressure Controllers – What are they and how do they work?
Electronic pressure controllers are devices used to control and protect a pump in a system. The operation of the controller is to detect the pressure drop, in turn signaling the pump to start. Once the maximum system pressure is reached the pump shuts down by detecting no flow. These operations are controlled by a magnetic reed switch and flow valve in the controllers' assembly.
Adjustable pressure controllers:
These types of controllers allow users the ability to change both cut-in & cut-out pressure settings via push button control. These controllers are best suited to applications when there is a need to work within a specific pressure range but will require a pressure tank to be installed.
Pre-set pressure controllers:
Manaia Water Products NZ have available the Bianco nXt & WHI-SK series of electronic pressure controllers for sale. For further information please refer to the link below:
Why a Pressure Tank? (Cell)
Pressure tanks can be fitted with both electronic pump controllers and mechanical pressure switches.
Benefits of adding a pressure tank:
Holds a reserve of water that is readily available to the system and constant when an outlet is opened.
Minimizes pump stop/starts thus extending the life of the pump in turn reducing wear & tear on moving parts.
Reduces power consumption by drawing from the tank's water reserve before activating the pump.
Prevents water hammer.
Allows a greater range of operating pressures within a pump's optimum performance range
Installing a Reflex Pressure Tank aids any water supply system by offering pump longevity, versatility, power savings, and $$$